A prominent personality of the Indian Nationalist Movement, she was born as Bhikaiji Rustom Cama on 24th September, 1861 to a Parsi family in Bombay (now Mumbai). Well, we are talking about none other than Madam Cama, who is a well known freedom fighter. She came from a pretty well off family and her father Sorabji Framji Patel was a powerful member of the Parsi community. In this article, we will present you with the biography of Madame Cama. Bhikaji took education from Alexandra Native Girl's English Institution. From the very beginning, she was a very sincere child. She always admired the personalities of the Nationalist Movement. On the 3rd of August in the year 1885, she tied her wedding knots with Rustom Cama, an affluent pro-British lawyer. She did not enjoy her married life and spent most of her time performing altruistic activities. Read on to know the complete life history of Madam Bhikaji Rustom Cama. In the year 1896, the Bombay presidency was hit by a natural calamity, which had adverse effects on the city. Bhikaji was instrumental in the activities undertaken to provide assistance to the afflicted people. While rescuing other people and inoculating them, she herself became a victim of the infection. She became very weak, but somehow managed to survive. In the year 1902, she went to Europe for subsequent medical care and convalescence. During her stay in London, she got a message that her return to India can take place subject to the promise that she would not participate in the Nationalist Movement. She refused to make such a promise and remained in exile in Europe. She died in the Parsi General hospital in Bombay (now Mumbai) in the year 1936. While Madam Cama was in London, she served as the private secretary to Dadabhai Naoroji, who was the first Asian to be elected to the British House of Commons. When Bhikaji Cama was in Paris, she happened to come across a number of notable leaders of the Indian Nationalist Movement. In Holland, they secretly published and circulated the revolutionary literature for the Nationalist Movement. During her stay in France, the British Raj authorities requested her extradition, but the French Government did not show their willingness and refused to cooperate. In return, the Britishers confiscated Madame Cama's legacy. Bhikaji Cama has always been actively involved in fighting for gender equality. On August 22, 1907, she raised the flag for India's Independence at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart, Germany. There are many cities in India that have streets and places being named after Bhikaiji Cama. On 26th January 1962, the Indian Posts and Telegraphs Department issued a stamp to acknowledge her work and give her honor. The Indian Coast Guard consists of a ship that has been named after her.
Sucheta Kriplani was a great freedom fighter of India. She was born as Sucheta Mazumdar in the year 1908. She was the first woman to be elected as the Chief Minister of a state in India. In this article, we will present you with the biography of Sucheta Kriplani, an important personality who has made an immense contribution in fighting for the freedom of India. Early life Sucheta Kriplani was born to a Bengali family in the Ambala city. Her father S.N. Majumdar was a nationalist of India. Sucheta took education from Indraprastha College and St.Stephen's College in Delhi. After completing her studies, she took the job of a lecturer in the Banaras Hindu University. In the year 1936, she tied her wedding knots with a socialist Acharya Kriplani and joined the Indian National Congress. Read on to know the complete life history of Sucheta Kriplani. Freedom Movement and Independence She came into the Indian historical scene during the Quit India Movement. Sucheta worked in close association with Mahatma Gandhi during the time of partition riots. She went along with him to Noakhali in 1946. She was one amongst the handful women who got elected to the Constituent Assembly. She became a part of the subcommittee that was handed over the task of laying down the charter for the constitution of India. On the 15th August, 1947, i.e. the Independence Day, she sang the national song Vande Mataram in the Independence Session of the Constituent Assembly. Post Independence During the post Independence period, she was instrumental in politics in U.P. She was elected to the Lok Sabha in the year 1952 and 1957. She also served as the Minister of State for Small Scale Industries. In the year 1962, she was elected to the U.P Assembly. In the year 1963, she became the first woman to hold a prestigious position of the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. During her long tenure of work, one of her biggest achievements has been the effective handling of the 62 day long strike by the state employees. In the year 1971, she took retirement from the politics and went into seclusion. This prominent personality died in the year 1974.
Captain Laxmi Sehgal is one of the lion hearted women, India ever had. She picked up the Gun for the Indian National Army (INA) founded by Netaji Subash Chandra Bose and led it like a tigress for the struggle for Indian freedom.
Laxmi Sehgal was born in 1914 to a traditional Tamil family. She got her first patriotic lessons from her mother who was a member of the Congress herself. She completed her degree in medicine from the Madras Medical College and went to Singapore for a career as a doctor, however something very different was waiting for her.
Singapore at that time was ruled by British and they had to surrender when the Japanese invaded the country. Thousands of Indians were taken as prisoners. At this juncture, Netaji invited the Indian prisoners to join the INA and fight against the British. Laxmi was one of them and Netaji was impressed by her courage and asked her to lead the Rani Jhansi Regiment. She fought like a tigress against the British in the jungles of Burma.
Today octogenarian, Captain Laxmi Sehgal still has the same indomitable attitude and is a practicing Doctor in Kanpur. She is a major attraction to the seminars and conference and is still working for the betterment of the Society.
No stranger to rebellion, the young Lakshmi had fought against casteism within her own home. With her entire family devoted to the cause of the freedom struggle, it was no surprise when Lakhsmi was chosen by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose to head the Rani of Jhansi regiment. That change from Dr. Lakshmi Swaminadhan to Captain Lakshmi was a name and identity that would stay with her for life.
Chittaranjan Das was one of the most prominent political and nationalist personalities in Bengal when Bengal was going through a very crucial time of ideological and political change. During the Non-Cooperation movement, Das became a symbol of patriotism and courage. He was the one who first started to boycott everything British, including clothes. Das was a lawyer by profession and made a name for himself when he returned to India after finishing his studies abroad, took up law practice and defended the great Sri Aurbindo Ghose in a court suit filed against him. He soon left law and got knee deep into the nationalist movement and with his political vision and foresightedness, tact and oratory skill, he was chosen to be the leader of Congress party in Bengal. He took active part in the Non-Cooperation movement with Gandhi and even went to jail in the process. But after the failure of the movement, he became disillusioned and proposed a strategy to end dyarchy but Congress did not accept it and he formed his own party - Swarajya Party - along with Motilal Nehru.
Chittaranjan Das was born in 1870 in Bikrampur, Dhaka (now Bangladesh) in to the famous Das family of Telirbagh to Bhuban Mohan Das. His father was a solicitor and journalist who used to edit the English Church Weekly, The Brahmo Public Opinion.
Das finished his studies from the Presidency College in Kolkata in 1890 and then went to England to pursue higher studies. He wanted to complete his civil service examination from there. Although he flunked in the exams but he joined the Inner Temple and was called to join the bar.
He was engaged in law-practice for a very long time but it was ultimately in 1909 that he rose to prominence for defending Sri Aurobindo Ghose, the famous nationalist leader of that time. Ghose was charged with involvement with the Alipore bomb case.
He was a nationalist from the very beginning and became an active member of the Students’ Association at Presidency College, Kolkata. His was politically was active from 1917-25.
During this time, he chaired the Bengal Provincial Conference and proposed an idea for village reconstruction through the foundation of local self government, cooperative credit societies and the renewal of cottage industries. He also started attending the Indian National Congress sessions.
With his oratory skills, political vision and diplomacy, he soon became an important leader of the Congress and joined Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation movement in 1920.
For his involvement in Non-Cooperation movement, he was arrested along with his wife and son in 1921 and was sent to prison for 6 months. After that, he was elected as the president of the Ahmedabad Congress. After failure of the Non-Cooperation movement, Das proposed his new strategy to end diarchy.
His proposal was rejected by almost everyone in Congress, which is why he formed the Swarajya Party with Motilal Nehru. The party became a huge success in Bengal and earned majority of seats for itself in the legislative councils in 1924. Das became the first popularly elected mayor of Kolkata.
In the same year, Das jotted down together his popular Communal pact to encourage peace between Hindu and Muslim community India.